Beechcraft C-12 Huron: Aircraft profile

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The Beechcraft C-12 Huron is a twin-engine logistics aircraft carrying passengers and cargo between military installations.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron flight: An air-to-air left front view of an 89th Military Airlift Wing C-12C Huron aircraft.Beechcraft C-12 Huron flight: An air-to-air left front view of an 89th Military Airlift Wing C-12C Huron aircraft.

It is the military variant of the commercial King Air aircraft series manufactured by Raytheon Aircraft Corporation. It is an all-metal, low wing, T-Tail monoplane with two turboprop engines.

The UC-12B variant is powered by two PT6A-41 engines while the UC-12F/M models are powered by PT6A-42s.

The flight deck and cabin are pressurized for high-altitude flight. This aircraft incorporates a cargo door with an integral airstair door to permit easy entry and egress. With an effective payload capacity of up to 4,215 pounds, the cabin can readily be configured to accommodate passengers, cargo, or both.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air left side view of a C-12 Huron aircraft of the 1402nd Military Airlift Squadron. The plane is in-flight near Washington, D.C.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air left side view of a C-12 Huron aircraft of the 1402nd Military Airlift Squadron. The plane is in-flight near Washington, D.C.

General Characteristics

Primary Function: Light passenger and cargo airlift.
Contractor: Raytheon Aircraft Company (Formally Beech Aircraft).
Date Deployed: 1994.
Unit Cost: $6 million.
Propulsion: Two Pratt & Whitney PT-6A-1 (UC-12B) and PT6A-42 (UC-12F/M) turboprop engines; each deliver 850 shaft horsepower each.
Length: 43 feet 10 inches (13.3 meters).
Height: 15 feet (4.57 meters).
Weight: Max. gross, take-off: 13,500 lbs.
Airspeed: Max.: 294 knots (334 mph, 544 kph).
Ceiling: 35,000 feet (10,668 meters).
Range: 1,974 nautical miles (3,658 km).
Crew: Two.

Source: US Navy

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: The pilot and copilot of a 1402nd Military Airlift Squadron C-12F Huron aircraft man the controls while making a final landing approach during Exercise GALLANT EAGLE '86.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: The pilot and copilot of a 1402nd Military Airlift Squadron C-12F Huron aircraft man the controls while making a final landing approach during Exercise GALLANT EAGLE '86.

Detailed background:

Source: wikipedia.org

The C-12 Huron is the military designation for a series of twin-engine turboprop aircraft that are military versions of various versions of the Beechcraft Super King Air. C-12 variants are used by the United States Air Force, United States Army, and the United States Navy. These aircraft are used for various duties, including embassy support, medical evacuation, passenger and light cargo. Some aircraft are modified with surveillance systems for various missions, including the Cefly Lancer and the Guardrail programs.

Design and development

The first C-12A models entered service with the Army in 1974 and was used as a liaison and general personnel transport. The aircraft was essentially an "off-the-shelf" Super King Air 200, powered by the type's standard Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-41 engines.

The U.S. Navy followed suit in 1979, ordering a version of the Super King Air A200C (modified with a 52 inch by 52 inch cargo door from the Super King Air 200C), designating it the UC-12B, for logistics support between naval and marine corps air stations and other activities, both in CONUS and overseas. The cabin can readily accommodate cargo, passengers or both. It is also equipped to accept litter patients in medical evacuation missions. Through 1982, the Navy ordered 64 of these aircraft. Guardrail

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A close-up view of the propeller hub of the first UC-12B Huron aircraft to land at NAF Atsugi. The plane was piloted by Captain (CAPT) Frederick W. Lawler and Lieutenant (LT) Gregory H. Bergh.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A close-up view of the propeller hub of the first UC-12B Huron aircraft to land at NAF Atsugi. The plane was piloted by Captain (CAPT) Frederick W. Lawler and Lieutenant (LT) Gregory H. Bergh.

The U.S. Army selected the C-12 platform for use as an intelligence-gathering aircraft under the Guardrail series of programs. The Guardrail program uses variants RC-12D, -12H, -12K, -12N, -12P, and -12Q variants. The aircraft's role is as an electronic snooper, listening in for enemy radio transmissions. The aircraft is flown by a flight crew of two, and the missions equipment is operated remotely from a ground control center. Guardrail is a Corps Level Airborne signals intelligence (SIGINT) collection/location system that integrates the Improved GUARDRAIL V (IGR V), Communication High Accuracy Airborne Location System (CHAALS), and the Advanced QUICKLOOK (AQL) systems into the same aircraft platform. Key features include integrated COMINT and ELINT reporting, enhanced signal classification and recognition, fast Direction Finding (DF), precision emitter location, and an advanced integrated aircraft cockpit.

The RC-12D was operated during the 1980s by the 2nd Military Intelligence Battalion, 207th Military Intelligence Brigade (Eyes of the Jayhawk) located out of Echterdingen Kaserne, at the Stuttgart Airport. The 207th MI brigade deployed with VII Corps to Al Qaisumah Airport, in Saudi Arabia, in December 1990 in support of Operations Desert Shield, Operation Desert Storm and Operation Desert Calm.

As of 2006, four U.S Army Aerial Exploitation Battalions (AEB) operate these aircraft. The 3rd Military Intelligence (MI) Battalion operates the RC-12D and -12H in South Korea. The 1st Military Intelligence Battalion flies the RC-12K from its base in Wiesbaden, Germany. The 15th Military Intelligence Battalion, stationed at Fort Hood, Texas, operates the RC-12P and -12Q models. The 224th Military Intelligence Battalion flies the RC-12N and is based at Hunter Army Airfield in Savannah, Georgia. The crew training location for these and other Special Electronic Mission Aircraft (SEMA) is Fort Huachuca, Arizona. Every AEB with the exception of the 3rd MI BN has conducted wartime intelligence collection in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. The 3rd MI Battalion flies Sensitive Reconnaissance Operation (SRO) missions on the Korean peninsula.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An aerial of a UC-12B Huron assigned to the Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 30 (VRC-30) Providers, stationed at Naval Air Station North Island (NASNI), California, in flight over the Pacific Ocean.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An aerial of a UC-12B Huron assigned to the Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 30 (VRC-30) Providers, stationed at Naval Air Station North Island (NASNI), California, in flight over the Pacific Ocean.

With the advances in technology and advent of tactical UAVs, the Army has announced that it is seeking a replacement for the Guardrail aircraft. C-12J

To meet the needs of transporting larger groups, the Army purchased six C-12J aircraft, based on the Beechcraft 1900C commuter airliner. Of the military C-12J's one is used for GPS jamming tests at the 586th Flight Test Squadron, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico. Another is based at the 517th Airlift Squadron, Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska. Three were based at the 55th Airlift Flight, Osan Air Base, South Korea. They have been relocated to the 459th Airlift Squadron, Yokota Air Base, Japan. The remaining two are used by U.S. Army Aviation.

Although the UD- series 1900s were manufactured exclusively for military use, the United States military and other military and government organizations use 1900s from other series such as the UB-series 1900C, and 1900Ds which may be found elsewhere.

More photos:

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A Beechcraft C-12 Huron (the military designation for the Beechcraft Super King Air 200) sits in front of Hanger 5 at the Presidio of San Francisco.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A Beechcraft C-12 Huron (the military designation for the Beechcraft Super King Air 200) sits in front of Hanger 5 at the Presidio of San Francisco.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A right rear view of a UC-12B Huron aircraft landing for the first time at NAF Atsugi. The plane is being piloted by Captain (CAPT) Frederick W. Lawler and Lieutenant (LT) Gregory H. Bergh.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A right rear view of a UC-12B Huron aircraft landing for the first time at NAF Atsugi. The plane is being piloted by Captain (CAPT) Frederick W. Lawler and Lieutenant (LT) Gregory H. Bergh.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A front view of the first UC-12B Huron aircraft to land at NAF Atsugi. The plane was piloted by Captain (CAPT) Frederick W. Lawler and Lieutenant (LT) Gregory H. Bergh.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A front view of the first UC-12B Huron aircraft to land at NAF Atsugi. The plane was piloted by Captain (CAPT) Frederick W. Lawler and Lieutenant (LT) Gregory H. Bergh.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A right front view of the first UC-12B Huron aircraft to land at NAF Atsugi. The plane was piloted by Captain (CAPT) Frederick W. Lawler and Lieutenant (LT) Gregory H. Bergh.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A right front view of the first UC-12B Huron aircraft to land at NAF Atsugi. The plane was piloted by Captain (CAPT) Frederick W. Lawler and Lieutenant (LT) Gregory H. Bergh.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A right front view of a UC-12B Huron aircraft preparing to land for the first time at NAF Atsugi. The plane is being piloted by Captain (CAPT) Frederick W. Lawler and Lieutenant (LT) Gregory H. Bergh.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A right front view of a UC-12B Huron aircraft preparing to land for the first time at NAF Atsugi. The plane is being piloted by Captain (CAPT) Frederick W. Lawler and Lieutenant (LT) Gregory H. Bergh.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A left side view of a US Marine Corps UC-12B Huron aircraft parked on the flight line.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A left side view of a US Marine Corps UC-12B Huron aircraft parked on the flight line.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A left front view of a parked C-12 Huron aircraft.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A left front view of a parked C-12 Huron aircraft.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: Air to air image of the three aircraft of the 375th Airlift Wing, Scott AFB, Illinois flying over the Mississippi River with the St. Louis Arch in the background. In foreground a C-12 Huron, next a C-21 Lear and in back a C-9 Nightingale aeromedical evacuation aircraft. Exact Date Shot UnknownBeechcraft C-12 Huron: Air to air image of the three aircraft of the 375th Airlift Wing, Scott AFB, Illinois flying over the Mississippi River with the St. Louis Arch in the background. In foreground a C-12 Huron, next a C-21 Lear and in back a C-9 Nightingale aeromedical evacuation aircraft. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: Air to air image of the three aircraft of the 375th Airlift Wing, Scott AFB, Illinois. In foreground a C-9 Nightingale aeromedical evacuation aircraft, next a C-21 Lear and in back a C-12 Huron, fly over the countryside near Scott AFB, Illinois. Exact Date Shot UnknownBeechcraft C-12 Huron: Air to air image of the three aircraft of the 375th Airlift Wing, Scott AFB, Illinois. In foreground a C-9 Nightingale aeromedical evacuation aircraft, next a C-21 Lear and in back a C-12 Huron, fly over the countryside near Scott AFB, Illinois. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: The pilot and copilot of a 1402nd Military Airlift Squadron C-12F Huron aircraft man the controls while making a final landing approach during Exercise GALLANT EAGLE '86.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: The pilot and copilot of a 1402nd Military Airlift Squadron C-12F Huron aircraft man the controls while making a final landing approach during Exercise GALLANT EAGLE '86.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A left front view of a C-12F Huron aircraft.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A left front view of a C-12F Huron aircraft.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A C-12 Huron aircraft from the 1375th Flight Training Squadron parked on the flight line.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A C-12 Huron aircraft from the 1375th Flight Training Squadron parked on the flight line.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: Air to air side view of Air Mobility Command's 375th Military Airlift Wing's C-12 Huron and C-21 Lear support airlift aircraft flying in formation near Scott AFB, Illinois. Exact Date Shot UnknownBeechcraft C-12 Huron: Air to air side view of Air Mobility Command's 375th Military Airlift Wing's C-12 Huron and C-21 Lear support airlift aircraft flying in formation near Scott AFB, Illinois. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: Air to air image of the three aircraft of the 375th Airlift Wing, Scott AFB, Illinois. In foreground a C-12 Huron, next a C-21 Lear and in back a C-9 Nightingale aeromedical evacuation aircraft fly over the countryside near Scott AFB, Illinois. Exact Date Shot Unknown.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: Air to air image of the three aircraft of the 375th Airlift Wing, Scott AFB, Illinois. In foreground a C-12 Huron, next a C-21 Lear and in back a C-9 Nightingale aeromedical evacuation aircraft fly over the countryside near Scott AFB, Illinois. Exact Date Shot Unknown.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A C-12 Huron support airlift aircraft on the flight line at Norton AFB, California. Exact Date Shot UnknownBeechcraft C-12 Huron: A C-12 Huron support airlift aircraft on the flight line at Norton AFB, California. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: Air to air side view of a Air Mobility Command's 375th Military Airlift Wing's C-12 Huron support airlift aircraft comes in for a landing at Scott AFB, Illinois. Exact Date Shot UnknownBeechcraft C-12 Huron: Air to air side view of a Air Mobility Command's 375th Military Airlift Wing's C-12 Huron support airlift aircraft comes in for a landing at Scott AFB, Illinois. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: Air to air of a 375th Airlift Wing C-12 Huron aircraft as it prepares to land at Scott AFB, Illinois. Exact Date Shot Unknown.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: Air to air of a 375th Airlift Wing C-12 Huron aircraft as it prepares to land at Scott AFB, Illinois. Exact Date Shot Unknown.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air right front view of a C-21F Huron aircraft of the 1375th Flying Training Squadron.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air right front view of a C-21F Huron aircraft of the 1375th Flying Training Squadron.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An aerial of a UC-12B Huron assigned to the Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 30 (VRC-30) Providers, stationed at Naval Air Station North Island (NASNI), California, in flight over the Pacific Ocean.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An aerial of a UC-12B Huron assigned to the Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 30 (VRC-30) Providers, stationed at Naval Air Station North Island (NASNI), California, in flight over the Pacific Ocean.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron flight: An air-to-air left front view of an 89th Military Airlift Wing C-12C Huron aircraft.Beechcraft C-12 Huron flight: An air-to-air left front view of an 89th Military Airlift Wing C-12C Huron aircraft.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air left side view of a C-12 Huron aircraft, with the Washington Monument in the background. Both planes are assigned to the 1402nd Military Airlift Squadron.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air left side view of a C-12 Huron aircraft, with the Washington Monument in the background. Both planes are assigned to the 1402nd Military Airlift Squadron.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air left side view of a C-21 aircraft and a C-12 Huron aircraft, both of the 1402nd Military Airlift Squadron. The planes are in flight over the Potomac River at Hains Point.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air left side view of a C-21 aircraft and a C-12 Huron aircraft, both of the 1402nd Military Airlift Squadron. The planes are in flight over the Potomac River at Hains Point.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air left side view of a C-12 Huron aircraft of the 1402nd Military Airlift Squadron. The plane is in-flight near Washington, D.C.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air left side view of a C-12 Huron aircraft of the 1402nd Military Airlift Squadron. The plane is in-flight near Washington, D.C.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air right front view of a C-12F Huron aircraft of the 1375th Flying Training Squadron.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air right front view of a C-12F Huron aircraft of the 1375th Flying Training Squadron.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air left side view of an 89th Military Airlift Wing C-12C Huron aircraft.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air left side view of an 89th Military Airlift Wing C-12C Huron aircraft.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air right front view of an 89th Military Airlift Wing C-12C Huron aircraft.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An air-to-air right front view of an 89th Military Airlift Wing C-12C Huron aircraft.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: Aerial starboard view of a C-12 Huron from the Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 30 (VRC-30), Providers, Naval Air Station North Island (NASNI), in flight along the coast of Southern California. The exact date photo taken is unknown.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: Aerial starboard view of a C-12 Huron from the Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 30 (VRC-30), Providers, Naval Air Station North Island (NASNI), in flight along the coast of Southern California. The exact date photo taken is unknown.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A head-on view aerial of the Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 30 (VRC-30), Providers, C-12 Huron and C-2 Greyhound aircraft, with the Naval Auxiliary Landing Facility (NALF) San Clemente Island, California, in the background.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: A head-on view aerial of the Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 30 (VRC-30), Providers, C-12 Huron and C-2 Greyhound aircraft, with the Naval Auxiliary Landing Facility (NALF) San Clemente Island, California, in the background.

Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An aerial of the Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 30 (VRC-30), Providers, C-12 Huron and C-2 Greyhound aircraft, with the Naval Station San Diego, California, in the background.Beechcraft C-12 Huron: An aerial of the Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 30 (VRC-30), Providers, C-12 Huron and C-2 Greyhound aircraft, with the Naval Station San Diego, California, in the background.

More photos: C-12 Huron photo gallery

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