SA-330 Puma helicopter: Aircraft profile

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The Aérospatiale Puma is a four-bladed, twin-engined medium transport/utility helicopter.

SA-330 Puma helicopter: SOUTH CHINA SEA (Feb. 29, 2008) Marines move away from an SA-330 Puma helicopter during a vertical replenishment aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Essex.SA-330 Puma helicopter: SOUTH CHINA SEA (Feb. 29, 2008) Marines move away from an SA-330 Puma helicopter during a vertical replenishment aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Essex.

The Puma was originally manufactured by Sud Aviation of France under the designation SA 330.

Development

The SA 330 Puma was originally developed by Sud Aviation to meet a requirement of the French Army for a medium-sized all-weather helicopter. The helicopter also had to be capable of operating by day and night as well as in a wide variety of climates.

In 1967, the Puma was also selected by the Royal Air Force (RAF) and given the designation Puma HC Mk.1. As a result of this decision, the SA 330 was included in a joint production agreement between Aerospatiale and Westland Helicopters of the UK.

The first of two Puma prototypes flew on 15 April 1965. Six pre-production models were also built, the last of which flew on 30 July 1968.

SA-330 Puma helicopter: At sea aboard USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74) Mar. 27, 2002 -- Contracted by the U.S. Military Sealift Command, a French-made SA-330J "Super Puma" delivers cargo to the flight deck from the Military Sealift Command ship USNS Spica (T-AFS 9). John C. Stennis and Carrier Air Wing Nine (CVW-9) are deployed in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. U.S. Navy photo by Photographer's Mate Airman Andre Rhoden.SA-330 Puma helicopter: At sea aboard USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74) Mar. 27, 2002 -- Contracted by the U.S. Military Sealift Command, a French-made SA-330J "Super Puma" delivers cargo to the flight deck from the Military Sealift Command ship USNS Spica (T-AFS 9). John C. Stennis and Carrier Air Wing Nine (CVW-9) are deployed in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. U.S. Navy photo by Photographer's Mate Airman Andre Rhoden.

The first production SA 330 Puma flew in September 1968. Two years later, in 1970, Sud Aviation merged with Nord Aviation and SÉREB to form Aérospatiale, and the helicopter has been associated with that name ever since, though it still retained the "SA" (for "Sud Aviation") model designator. On 25 April 1978 the SA 330J Puma achieved the distinction of becoming the first helicopter outside the (then) Soviet Union to be certified for all-weather operations, including icy conditions.

Production of the SA 330 Puma by Aérospatiale ceased in 1987, by which time a total of 697 had been sold. The Puma was then replaced by an upgraded and improved version, the AS 332 Super Puma.

SA-330 Puma helicopter: An air-to-air view of an Aerospatiale SA.330J Puma helicopter operated by the West German Bundesgrenzschutz (BGS, border patrol). The castle in the background is obviously "Burg Hanstein", which was (then) located on an extreme tip of East Germany (German Democratic Republic), with the German-German border running between the Puma helicopter and the castle. After the German unification in 1990 this part of Germany became (again) the State of Thüringen (Thuringia). In 2005 the BGS was renamed "Bundespolizei" (Federal Police). Photographer: SSgt. Fernando Serna, USAF.SA-330 Puma helicopter: An air-to-air view of an Aerospatiale SA.330J Puma helicopter operated by the West German Bundesgrenzschutz (BGS, border patrol). The castle in the background is obviously "Burg Hanstein", which was (then) located on an extreme tip of East Germany (German Democratic Republic), with the German-German border running between the Puma helicopter and the castle. After the German unification in 1990 this part of Germany became (again) the State of Thüringen (Thuringia). In 2005 the BGS was renamed "Bundespolizei" (Federal Police). Photographer: SSgt. Fernando Serna, USAF.

Variants

Portuguese Air Force Puma in support of a Space Shuttle Recovery Exercise at Lajes Field, Azores.

Aérospatiale versions

* SA 330A: Prototypes, originally called "Alouette IV".
* SA 330B: Initial production version for the French Army Aviation.
* SA 330 "Orchidee": SA 330 modified to carry an "Orchidee" surveillance system for the French Army.
* SA 330C: Initial export production version.
* SA 330E: Version produced by Westland Helicopters for the RAF under the designation Puma HC Mk. 1.
* SA 330F: Initial civilian export production version with Turbomeca Turmo IIIC4 turboshaft engines.
* SA 330G: Upgraded civilian version with Turbomeca Turmo IVC engines and composite main rotor blades.
* SA 330H: Upgraded French Army and export version with Turbomeca IVC engines and composite main rotor blades. Designated SA 330B by the French Air Force.
* SA 330J: Upgraded civil transport version.
* SA 330L: Upgraded version for so-called "hot and high" conditions.
* SA 330S: Export version for the Portuguese Air Force.
* SA 330Z: Prototype with "fenestron" tail rotor.

SA-330 Puma helicopter: Aboard USS Enterprise (CVN 65) Oct. 19, 2003 -- An SA-330 Puma helicopter carries supplies from Military Sealift Command ship, USNS Saturn (TAFS 10) over to the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CVN 65) during a Replenishment at Sea (RAS). A RAS is conducted periodically to restock supplies on naval vessels that have been underway for extended periods. Enterprise is on deployment in the Indian Ocean. U.S. Navy photo by Photographer's Mate Airman Jason W. Pfiester.SA-330 Puma helicopter: Aboard USS Enterprise (CVN 65) Oct. 19, 2003 -- An SA-330 Puma helicopter carries supplies from Military Sealift Command ship, USNS Saturn (TAFS 10) over to the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CVN 65) during a Replenishment at Sea (RAS). A RAS is conducted periodically to restock supplies on naval vessels that have been underway for extended periods. Enterprise is on deployment in the Indian Ocean. U.S. Navy photo by Photographer's Mate Airman Jason W. Pfiester.

Versions by other manufacturers

Atlas Aircraft Corporation Oryx

This is a remanufactured and upgraded SA 330 Puma built for the South African Air Force.

IPTN NAS 330J

This is a version that was assembled by IPTN of Indonesia under the local designation NAS 330J and the Aerospatiale designation of SA 330J. Eleven units were produced.

ICA IAR 330

This is a licence-built version of the SA 330 Puma manufactured by ICA of Romania. Designated as the SA 330L by Aerospatiale.

Westland Puma HC Mk.1

This is the SA 330E version assembled by Westland Helicopters for the RAF.

In American films like Rambo: First Blood Part II, Rambo III, and Red Dawn, modified Pumas played the role of Soviet Mil Mi-24's.

SA-330 Puma helicopter: Mediterranean Sea (Jan. 17, 2003) -- An SA-330 “Puma” helicopter transits stores to the flight deck of the aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75) during a vertical replenishment (VERTREP), as the guided missile destroyer USS Donald Cook (DDG 75) follows close behind. The Harry S. Truman battle group and her embarked Carrier Air Wing Three (CVW-3) are on a regularly scheduled six month deployment in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. U.S. Navy photo by Photographer’s Mate 2nd Class Andrea Decanini.SA-330 Puma helicopter: Mediterranean Sea (Jan. 17, 2003) -- An SA-330 “Puma” helicopter transits stores to the flight deck of the aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75) during a vertical replenishment (VERTREP), as the guided missile destroyer USS Donald Cook (DDG 75) follows close behind. The Harry S. Truman battle group and her embarked Carrier Air Wing Three (CVW-3) are on a regularly scheduled six month deployment in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. U.S. Navy photo by Photographer’s Mate 2nd Class Andrea Decanini.

Operators

Military operators

Argentina
Belgium (police)
Brazil
Cambodia
Cameroon
Chile
Côte d'Ivoire
Ecuador
Ethiopia
France
Gabon
Gambia
Guinea
(1 helicopter)
Indonesia
Iraq
Kenya
Kuwait
Lebanon
9 SA 330L
Malawi
Mexico
Morocco
Nepal
Nigeria
Pakistan
Portugal
Romania
Slovenia
South Africa
* South African Air Force
Spain
Sudan
Togo
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
* Royal Air Force
o No. 33 Squadron RAF
o No. 230 Squadron RAF
o No. 1563 Flight RAF
Venezuela
Zaire

Civil operators

The Puma is also operated by several civilian operators.

Specifications (SA 330 Puma)

General characteristics

* Crew: 3
* Capacity: 16 passengers
* Length: 18.15 m (59 ft 6 in)
* Rotor diameter: 15.0 m (49 ft 3 in)
* Height: 5.14 m (16 ft 10 in)
* Disc area: 176.71 m² (1,905 ft²)
* Empty weight: 3,770 kg (8,310 lb)
* Max takeoff weight: 7,400 kg (16,300 lb)
* Powerplant: 2× Turboméca Turmo IVC turboshafts, 1,175 kW (1,575 hp) each

Performance

* Maximum speed: 258 km/h (139 knots, 177 mph)
* Range: 780 km (430 nm, 500 mi)
* Service ceiling: 4,800 m (15,750 ft)
* Rate of climb: 9.2 m/s (1,810 ft/min)

Armament

* Guns:

o Coaxial 7.62 mm (0.30 in) machine guns
o Side-firing 20 mm (0.787 in) cannon

* Various others

Source: wikipedia.org

More photos: SA-330 Puma helicopter photo gallery

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